Pajamas or pyjamas, frequently shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can make reference to many relevant forms of clothes originating through the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are free-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but occasionally also for lounging, also by equally sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas might consult with many clothes, for both equally daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variants of favor and substance.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 with the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are free, lightweight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans in the course of East India Enterprise rule in India.[eight]
The around the globe use of pajamas (the phrase and also the garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India within the 18th and nineteenth centuries, as well as British influence on the wider Western globe throughout the Victorian era. Pajamas were released to England as "lounging apparel" as early since the seventeenth century, then called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they shortly fell out of vogue. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the primary 50 % in the nineteenth century. They did not turn into a fashion in Britain along with the Western environment as sleeping attire for men right up until the Victorian interval, from about 1870.[nine]
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of utilization at time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is used by different people in India e.g. by women of various courses, by Sikh Gentlemen, and most by Mohammedans of both equally sexes. It absolutely was adopted from your Mohammedans by Europeans being an report of dishabille and of night time apparel, and is particularly synonymous with Long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the pattern just like a great many Many others through the Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in Talking of Goa Clinic: "Ils ont drive calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The phrase is now Employed in London retailers. An acquaintance furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some pidžame on forty many years back, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was sometimes the case with All those furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it is due to White Ants."[ten]
Classic pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers blend fabricated from delicate cloth, which include flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket ingredient ordinarily provides a placket front and its sleeves haven't any cuffs.[twelve] Many individuals opt to snooze or lounge in only the pajama pants, possibly with a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for men and boys will often be offered as separates.
In colloquial speech, these common pajamas will often be named PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes generally known as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas aspect a drop seat (also known as a lure doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening inside the seat, meant to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Drop seats ended up quite common on pajamas produced prior to the fifties, but while in the early 20-initial century They can be alternatively uncommon.
Up to date
Present-day pajamas are derived from conventional pajamas. There are various variants in fashion including small sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms of varying size,[sixteen] or, every now and then, 1-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating a variety of products. Mainly within the US, stretch-knit snooze pidžame clothing with rib-knit trimmings are popular. Usually worn by young children, these garments typically have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if just one-piece), and could also be footed.
Although pajamas are often distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments such as nightgowns, within the US, they've at times incorporated the latter like a best. Babydoll pyjamas Possess a type of brief dress top over shorts or short trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas could right now confer with Girls's blend daywear, particularly in the US wherever they turned well known from the early twentieth century, consisting of small-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Samples of these incorporate capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.